Summer is here, and in addition to great weather that also means the mosquitoes are back in large numbers. The height of the mosquito season runs from late June to September — approximately the same as the tourist season.
One of the reasons that the mosquito season is so long here is that Montenegro is home to many varieties of mosquitoes, including some that lay eggs earlier in the season and other that lay eggs later. The traditional families of Montenegrin mosquitoes were joined in 2001 by Aedes albopictus, the Tiger Mosquito, which apparently traveled from Asia in shipments of tires.
Reducing Mosquito Infestation
Mosquitoes require pools of still water to lay their eggs. The easiest way to reduce mosquito populations is to make sure than no pools of still water are allowed to collect for more than 48 hours. These pools can be quite small, as small as the water which collects in an over-watered flower pot.
In urban environments, it is easy enough to patrol your property and empty and pools of still water — and hope your neighbors do the same. Ponds with still water can be populated with fish which each mosquitoes and their larvae.
In rural environments mosquitoes breed in pools formed in drying streams, irrigation ditches, ponds and lakes, and flood water.
Protect Yourself from Mosquito Bites
Spray your lodgings with a pyrethoid-based insecticide.
Cover your bed with a mosquito net which has been treated with permethrin or deltamethrin. Permethrin is recommended, unless you have cats. Permethrin is poisonous to cats, so deltamethrin must be used.
Use insect repellent that contains a high percentage of DEET (diethylmethyltoluamide). Non-deet repellents do not work reliably. Make sure not to get DEET into your eyes, mouth, nose, or any open wounds. DEET is safe for children over two months of age, but children may need help applying it properly and safely.
When possible, wear long pants, a long-sleeved -sleeved shirt, and a hat.